Special varnishes applied to printed matter to protect literature from ink smudging or finger marking or to enhance appearance. There are five main types ‚ Machine, gloss, matt, silk and UV. Varnishes are commonly used on matt or silk coated paper as these types are more prone to smudging than gloss coated paper. Varnish applied to a specific area of a document is known as Spot varnish and when it is applied to the whole document it is termed as an Overall varnish (or less commonly as a Flood varnish).

Vector based images/illustrations are created in high-end drawing software such as Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia Freehand (now obsolete) and are the industry standard within the graphic design sector. All professionally designed logo's should be created in this way. Vector files usually feature the file extensions .EPS, .AI .CDR and .SWF (used in Flash animations). What are Vector based images? Vector based graphics are mathematically created illustrations based on vector paths. They remain infinitely scalable and editable allowing designers unlimited freedom when it comes to logo design and illustration. And, because they are based on mathematical equations they produce very small file sizes.

A virus is a piece of software that duplicates itself onto other systems through the transfer of data or files. The effects viruses have vary from disastrous through to hilarious, and as a result there are many anti-virus programs available.

This is the technique used in digital printing systems to create a number of different versions of a basic document, such as different language versions or tailored information for different readers.

On the Internet, virtual hosting is the provision of web server and other services so that a company or individual don't have to buy and maintain their own web server host with a line to the Internet. A virtual hosting provider is sometimes also called a web or Internet space provider.

Virtual Reality Modelling Language. A programming language which is used to create the illusion of 3D objects for on-screen virtual reality environments. The computer shows an apparently three dimensional object from a certain position, and then creates the illusion of movement by gradually changing the viewpoint.

A preliminary layout, indicating the general design, and the position of the various elements.


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